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F-Gas Rules & Regulations

Refrigerants14

The current F-gas Regulation which applies since 1 January 2015

What is F.Gas

F stands for fluorinated, and F-Gas is the term used to describe a particular family of fluorinated gases which are widely used as refrigerants in air conditioning and commercial refrigeration systems (as well as in many essential appliances such as fire extinguishers and medical inhalers).

The most common f-gases in use within Europe are HFCs , such as R134a , R404A and R410A . These gases have a number of applications, the largest being as a refrigerant.HFCs are ozone friendly, energy efficient refrigerants that are generally of low toxicity and non-flammable. However f-gases have a relatively high GWP, and thus contribute to global warming when released to the atmosphere.The European Union is aiming to reduce the environmental impact of fluorinated gases via regulation. The first f-gas regulation EC 842/2006 focused on reducing emissions mostly by preventing leaks in systems, and in the responsible end-of-life recovery and destruction of gases.

Hydrofluorocarbons are used in air conditioning, refrigeration, foam blowing, aerosols, and as solvents.

Hydrofluorocarbons are the fastest-growing greenhouse gases, increasing globally at a rate of 10 percent to 15 percent per year. The global warming potential of HFCs can be thousands of times greater than carbon dioxide’s and can have a significant impact on climate change.

The greatest source of HFCs, and the greatest source of any high global warming potential gas, is leakage from refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. Given their high emission rates and, on average, have a relatively short atmospheric lifetime (compared to carbon dioxide), efforts to reduce hydrofluorocarbon emissions in the near term will significantly reduce projected temperature increases in the coming decades.

While hydrofluorocarbons now contribute 2 percent of total global warming emissions, their use is expected to grow dramatically over time


Short Lived Climate Pollutants

OPERATION OF EXISTING EQUIPMENT

EU F-Gas Regulation – Commercial Refrigeration

The 2014 F-Gas Regulation includes a number of requirements that affect the use and maintenance of existing commercial refrigeration equipment containing HFC refrigerants. The exact rules depend on the type and size of commercial refrigeration equipment being used. The regulations affecting existing equipment relate to

(a) leak prevention,

(b) record keeping,

(c) the Service Ban and

(d) the use of trained technicians.

These requirements are described below.

Leak prevention and mandatory leak checks

The intentional release of F-Gases into the atmosphere is prohibited and operators of all commercial refrigeration/ Air conditioning equipment must take all measures that are technically and economically feasible to minimise leakage. Where leaks are detected operators must carry out repairs without undue delay.


For F.Gas Log books please contact us today to find out more.

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